David Cameron (2010-2015)

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The general election of 2010 stemmed in the Conservatives, commanded by Cameron, engaging the prime amount of seats (306). However, it remained 20 chairs short of a complete majority, ensuing in the country’s first hung parliament since February 1974. Meetings concerning Cameron and Liberal Democrat frontrunner Nick Clegg managed to an alliance of the two parties, allowing the Queen to ask Cameron to form a government.

On 7 May 2015, Cameron remained re-elected Prime Minister with a majority in the Commons this phase at the head of a Conservative-only administration with a mainstream of 12 seats occasioning the first Conservative-only cabinet since 1997. The Conservative party’s conclusive victory in the general election was as a wonder conquest, as most polls anticipated the result would be too near to appeal and consequence in a subsequent hung parliament. Founding the first Conservative majority government since 1992, David Cameron converted the first Prime Minister to be re-elected instantly afterward a complete tenure with a higher general vote portion since 1900 and the first Prime Minister other than Margaret Thatcher to be re-elected directly after a full term with a superior amount of seats to-date.

In June 2010 Cameron defined the fiscal condition as he arose to authority as “even worse than we thought” and advised of “difficult decisions” to be completed over outlays cuts.

The administration’s austerity programme is a sequence of continued decreases in public spending, planned to diminish the government budget deficit, through spending cuts and/or higher taxes. These policies could hurt the labour market or even the economy, but sometimes are necessary for gaining solvency and avoiding fiscal cliffs, which affects the entire economy raising interest payments. By the opening of 2015, Cameron was able to assert that his government’s austerity programme had flourished in halving the budget deficit.

On schooling, the Education Act 2011 was the first main part of law to be announced by the coalition government. It creates variations to numerous zones of educational policy, counting the control of school workforce to correct pupils, the method in which freshly qualified educators are overseen, the guideline of experiences, the direction of local authority maintained schools, the delivery of post-16 education, including vocational apprenticeships, and scholar funding for higher education.

It levies a top on the charge that can be made for providing milk, school meals and other foods to apprentices, avoiding any charge being higher than the cost of providing such a provision, while also giving schools the influence to charge changed expenses for the equal item.

On health, the Health and Social Care Act 2012 was officially enacted as an Act to establish and make provision about a National Health Service Commissioning Board and clinical commissioning groups and to make other provision about the National Health Service in England; to make provision about public health in the United Kingdom; to make provision about regulating health and adult social care services; to make provision about public involvement in health and social care matters, scrutiny of health matters by local authorities and cooperation between local authorities and commissioners of health care services; to make provision about regulating health and social care workers; to establish and make provision about a National Institute for Health and Care Excellence; to establish and make provision about a Health and Social Care Information Centre and to make other provision about information relating to health or social care matters; to abolish certain public bodies involved in health or social care; to make other provision about health care; and for connected purposes.

On welfare, Cameron´s government officially enacted the Welfare Reform Act 2012. Amongst the supplies of the Act are modifications to housing benefit, which arose into strength on 1 April 2013. These variations include an “under-occupancy penalty” which decreases the quantity of benefit paid to applicants if they are considered to have too much living space in the property they are renting. Although the Act does not announce any new direct taxes, this penalty has been characterised by the Labour Party and some in the opposition as the “Bedroom Tax”

Under the Act, Housing Benefit principles currently take into attention the quantity of rooms and amount of people inhabiting a property and limit expenditures to let for one bedroom per person or per couple; all kids below 10 years of age are anticipated to share a room; children under 16 of the equal sex expected to share. This had previously been the circumstance, for over a period, for people living in private sector occupancies, but is fresh to occupants of social housing.

Working Tax Credit is no longer obtainable to people aged over 50 returning to work for 16 hours or more after being on benefits for six months or longer. They now need to work at least 30 hours per week and the extra allowance already paid to people over 50 working 30 hours will stop.

The leadership of David Cameron is likewise remarkable for regionalism resurrections in the country that seem reduced in the past. A triumph by the Scottish National Party in the 2011 Scottish general election elevated the scene of the Scottish Government holding an independence referendum in the subsequent five years. The SNP prearranged to get round that by holding a referendum to seek a command to negotiate for independence. Cameron said that the campaign to keep Scotland within the United Kingdom was a priority for the administration. Cameron arranged to hold the Scottish independence referendum, 2014 and removed the “devomax” option from the ballot for a conventional out yes or no vote. He had also backed a fruitful movement to keep the status quo in a referendum on changing the voting system supposed at the request of his coalition partners.

David Cameron supported the United Kingdom remaining in the European Union, which it joined in 1973. Subsequent to a renegotiation of the standings of the UK’s membership of the EU, he called a referendum on membership of the European Union to be held on 23 June 2016, next discussions and a bundle of modifications decided by the EU. The Brexit was victorious and it is the reason of his removal as Prime Minister, shaping a controversial position for the United Kingdom in Europe.

Cameron assumed that immigration external of the EU should be focus to annual restrictions. In May 2014, the Cameron premiership approved its “milestone” Immigration Act 2014. There is no perception of a reduced immigration since then.

Cameron and Nick Clegg arranged to fast-track legislation for presenting same-sex marriage. Cameron stated that he desired to give religious groups the capacity to host gay marriage ceremonies.

The coalition government began a discussion on same-sex marriage. The Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 was consequently approved in 2013 and legalised same-sex marriage in England and Wales. The government also reformed the prohibition on blood donations from men who have had sexual relations with other men from a perpetual ban to a one-year ban; however, the permanent ban remains in Northern Ireland.

David Cameron has an active role on foreign policy. Before becoming leader, he voted in favour of the Iraq War. Next, he maintained an indication calling for an inquiry into the government’s behavior of the Iraq war. The indication was defeated, 273 MPs voting in favour and 298 against. Most recently, the United Kingdom is part of a United States-led military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which become the greatest terrorist organisation amid the uprisings following the end of the Iraq War.

Cameron’s government is acute of Bashar al-Assad’s government in the Syrian Civil War and supported the rebels. On 2012, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces was recognised as the representative of the Syrian society, and a credible substitute to the Syrian government.

On 21 August 2013, directly subsequent to the chemical-weapons attack at Ghouta, Cameron advised U.S. President Barack Obama to reply with a military involvement. However, a motion to join in armed strikes against the Syrian regime was overcome in Parliament on August 2013. This was the first time that a British administration was choked from compelling a military action by Parliament since 1782. Ultimately, a negotiated arrangement was reached to eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons.

Next the terrorist attacks on Paris in November 2015, for which Islamic State claimed duty, Cameron initiated insistent for a plan for the Royal Air Force to bomb Syria in reprisal. Cameron set out his case for military intervention to Parliament on 26 November, telling MPs that it was the only way to guarantee Britain’s safety. On 3 December 2015, MPs voted 397–223 in favour of launching air strikes against ISIL targets in Syria. The vote for military action was maintained by all but seven members of the Parliamentary Conservative Party, as well as 66 Labour MPs who supported the government.

In spite of active military interventions, the defence budget has met austerity measures in order to reduce the budget deficit; also, it is higher than 2% of gross domestic product, an objective of the NATO mainstream outline.

It is early to judge the premiership of David Cameron, only history could judge him fairly.

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